The mythology of Pulque

The origin of PULQ

PULQ is made of the fermented agave juice. PULQ has been an essential part of the spiritual life of the Aztecs. They used it as a sacrificial offer or as drug. PULQ was served up at villages festivities and ceremonial events. The mythic original of PULQ is part of the Aztecan world and it’s mythology tells us about Tzitzimitl, one of the horrible female demons that never stopped threatening to destroy the world. The demons living as incarnate stars ruthlessly fighting against the sun at anytime.

The Aztec cosmogony says that the earth would feed the human beings with anything they are in need of: Chilis, grains and corn. But the humans were missing something in order to satisfy their special delight.

Quetzalcoatl, the god of the earth and the winds had to find a solution. He remembered Mayahuel, a virgin and the goddess of the agaves, who lived in heaven under the shadow of her horrible grandmother Tzitzimitl. Finally Quetzalcoatl found the virgin and asked her to join him on his way down to the earth. When the horrible grandmother Tzitzimitl found out that Mayahuel had run away from her she called for the other demon’s help to take revenge on her virgin and Quetzalcoatl. They found them making love on a big tree. They manage to catch Mayahuel and tore her into pieces. Fortunately Quetzalcoatl survived and escaped from this perfidious assault. The demons left and Quetzalcoatl buried the virgin in deep despair and grief.

The first Mayahuel Plant finally grew up in this grave (the birth of the precious origin of Pulque).

Gods like Patecatl and Centzontotochtin and the shamans protect Pulque. In deep relation to the moon these gods embody the dying and resurgence of nature. Specially at harvest time people use to worship these gods. So drinking Pulque is an act of religion, but the Aztecs had to drink moderately, excessive drunkenness was punished with death.

Finally Mayahuel did not die in vain, she gave the agaves (Magueys), the delight of Pulque and lots of other precious things.